How to pick the right cannabis product

Cannabis plants are believed to have evolved on the steppes of Central Asia, specifically in the regions that are now Mongolia and southern Siberia. The history of cannabis use goes back as far as 12,000 years, which places the plant among humanity’s oldest cultivated crop. Hemp and cannabis were widely used in ancient China, with the first recorded medicinal use dating back to 4,000 BC. Since there are hundreds of variations of cannabis flower on the market today, having a basic understanding of what they are and what they do, will help the consumer better understand how to pick the right product for their needs.  Migration of Cannabis Plant

Sativa, Indica and Hybrid

The two most common cannabis plant types are Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica, which both have psychoactive properties.  Less common is Cannabis ruderalis, which is mostly used by breeders to enhance their hybrids, which combine both species.  It is important to distinguish between the two familiar subspecies of the cannabis plant. It was once believed that Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica had distinct effects.  Sativa was thought to produce more energeIndica and Sativatic effects, while indica produced a more calming effect.  While some of this basic knowledge may still apply, now that growers have cultivated hybrid strains for many years, references to the effects of pure species may no longer be relevant or helpful. Today there are hundreds of strains of plants and each is bred for specific characteristics and often produced for specific effects. Sativa can grow quite tall (up to 25 feet) and has long, serrated light green leaves.  Indica is generally faster growing, bushier and can be up to 20 feet. There is a lot of speculation about the varying effects of consuming predominantly sativa cannabis versus indica strains, but significant differences can occur from strain to strain.  Many products are made from hybrid plants, as growers explore and cultivate cannabis to produce desired effects and offer a larger variety.

Terpenes

Terpenes are fragrant oils found in many types of plants that produce a unique taste and give strains their unique aromas.   The tastes and smells of the terpenes in cannabis products range from woodsy to spicy to citrusy sweet.  Although cannabis is often associated with a certain ‘musky’ aroma, each strain has its own scent.  The individual scent of a strain will be based on the number and type of terpenes present and which ones are dominant. Furthermore, each terpene itself can have multiple aroma profiles and levels can vary from crop to crop, which may lead to inconsistencies in the scents within the same strain.

Now that we’ve learned more about the plant, lets discuss how to pick the right cannabis strain for you. 

Cannabis affects everyone differently and several factors contribute to the effect’s cannabis may produce. PSA, it may potentially have harmful effects if used improperly and it’s always advised to start with a small dose and consume slowly, as different delivery methods have varying onset of effects. With hundreds of cannabis strains, products and delivery methods on the market, it’s important to make an informed decision, especially if you’re inexperienced or trying a new product.  There are six important factors to keep in mind when picking the right cannabis product for you:

1.      The user, yes YOU!
Because everyone’s physiology and Endocannabinoid System is different, the effects of cannabis are highly individualized.  Your experience will depend on many personal factors, such as your previous experience with cannabis, your age, gender, and your overall mental and physical health.  For example, if a user already suffers from paranoia or other psychoses, the use of cannabis may exacerbate those symptoms.

2.      THC (Tetrahudrocannabinol) levels in product
THC is the cannabinoid most associated with the psychoactive and intoxicating effects of cannabis. Understanding THC potency can be helpful in gauging the level of psychoactive sensation you may experience. THC levels are expressed as a percentage. For example, a product that is labelled 18% THC means that THC makes up 18% (or 180 milligrams per gram) of the total cannabis content. THC is a complex but important element in shaping the experience you’ll have with cannabis. You need to understand the potency potential of products you’re considering consuming.  It is always advised to start with a low dose and waiting before consuming more.

3.      CBD (Cannabidiol) levels in product

CBD is another one of the cannabis plant’s active cannabinoids.  Consumed on its own, CBD generally has no intoxicating effect.  When present in a product with at least 1:1 ratio of THC to CBD, CBD may negate some of the psychoactive effects produced by THC. If you prefer a no psychoactive experience, choose “CBD Only” products or those with a high ratio of CBD to THC. High CBD concentration in dried cannabis can vary from 4% to 9% and above. CBD concentrations vary in oil, tinctures, capsule, edible and topical product formats and by manufacturer. CBD has been shown to help with acne issues, reduce pain, help with neurological, prevent and treat seizures to name a few.

4.      Specific scents and flavours through Terpenes

Terpenes are the chemical compounds found in fragrant oils of many plants that influence their scents and flavours. Different strains will typically have a dominant terpene and may contain several others. Some believe cannabis terpenes may also contribute to the effect of a strain beyond their influence on aroma and flavour, although there is no scientific evidence linking terpenes to any health benefits or specific effect. However, they may affect your aromatic or taste experience depending on the strain being consumed.  Terpenes are important when consuming cannabis through smoking and vaping, as they lose their appeal when it comes to oils, tinctures, edibles and topicals.

5.      Choosing the right method to consume cannabis

How you choose to consume cannabis may influence the experience you have. This is mostly due to the timing of the onset and the duration of the effect. Inhalation (smoking or vaping) and ingesting (eating or drinking) produce different effects because of the way in which the cannabinoids enter your bloodstream.  Inhaling cannabis can produce an effect within seconds, so waiting at least five minutes before inhaling a second time will help control your experience. Ingesting cannabis will take at least an hour for the onset of effect due to the substances need to make its way through the GI tract before being absorbed into the body.  Effects will take longer to experience and may last longer than inhaling it. Before ingesting more, be sure to wait at least one hour to gauge the level of effect.

6.      Quantity being consumed

The amount of cannabis you consume may directly affect the experience you have. Even if you choose a lower potency product, if you over-consume, you may experience unpleasant, negative or harmful effects. Therefore it is advisable to start with a very small amount and consume it slowly at all times.

Educating yourself on the different strains, content, delivery methods and effects will help you make an informed decision on what product is right for you.  While many Licensed Producers give intended or reported effects for their products, this information is often sourced from customers who have used their products and may not have been scientifically gathered or tested.  It is important to keep this in mind and read up on the latest research by checking out neutral sources, such as the Government of Canada website, to make an informed decision. Ultimately, the best way to know how cannabis will affect you is through personal experience. Begin with a product that is lower in THC and CBD potency and use a small amount to see how it affects you.

 

 

Cannabis infused edibles are a big hit, but the delivery method poses a concern with regards to dosing.

Edibles are a hit with cannabis consumers. Cannabis consumers have gobbled up the new edible products introduced last week in Ontario’s legal cannabis shops. The OCS was sold out of its edibles products within an hour. Retail stores reported that gummies, cookies and chocolates also sold out within an hour of hitting store shelves. Edibles are the heavy favorites because they allow consumers to try products without having to resort to smoking. Consumers must be wary of the timeline that it may take to feel the high as a result, and not ingest more than recommended by Health Canada. With the use of edibles increasing, the delivery method poses a concern with regards to dosing.

Consumers who have not smoked or used cannabis products before could be at risk of overdosing. Inexperienced or first-time users must be aware of their own tolerance and be cognizant of avoiding snacking away while waiting for a high. Being careful and mitigating how users consume cannabis infused edibles will help prevent issues such as a racing heartbeat, anxiety and panic attacks that will ultimately lead to a trip to the emergency room. Users must be aware that edibles can take several hours to digest and get absorbed in their system. The type of food consumed with it, before or after, the type and size of a person, weight and time of day will also have an impact on the onset and duration of the “high”. It is a very different absorption method when compared to smoking cannabis that is quickly inhaled through the lungs.

Seniors are especially at risk because of slower metabolism and the possibility of having other prescription drugs in their system. Current federal regulations limit the individual size to a 10ml maximum dose of THC per package, the psychoactive ingredient of cannabis, in order to control how much and how quickly dosing can happen. In general, consumers need to be aware that the onset of the effect of THC or CBD based edibles is within a 60-180 min window, with the affect lasting up to 4-6 hours.
Cannabinoids can be infused in a variety of ways and if there is an uneven distribution of active ingredients it may lead to unpredictable results. Production of edibles must adhere to the highest standards in order to make sure that each batch is exactly controlled, measured and infused properly. It is a much longer onset and a longer affect then smoking or vaping. It has less of an odor, more convenient, discreet and much more controlled.

The greatest allure of this growing segment of the industry if that new technologies and products are developed continuously and improvements are vast. That is also the greatest drawback. As with any new industry, time tested products and technologies are not available and it’s a trial and tribulations type of growth. Being aware of the risks and rewards of cannabis consumption is crucial to maximizing the user experience while minimizing negative affects.

Marketing Cannabis

Effective marketing and advertising are imperative to the success and growth of any business, especially in the Cannabis industry. With the launch of Cannabis 2.0 still in its infancy stage, marijuana start-ups and established companies in the space are finding it difficult to navigate the tangle o advertising restrictions from Health Canada. What can you do for your cannabis business to reach and build the audience of cannabis consumers your brand is hoping to attract? Although the industry is severely limited in the type of marketing and advertising it can utilize, there are various tactics cannabis companies can implement to legally increase awareness of their brand. Before diving into them, let’s start by keeping in mind general do’s and don’ts when crafting your marketing initiative.

Don’t market your cannabis business or products to or near minors

Be smart about the branding you use and the locations you choose to advertise at and keep age restrictions in mind. There are several questions being raised on the legalization of cannabis and its impact on minors. To ease those fears, plan and make appropriate marketing a top priority.

Don’t infringe on any existing brands copyrights, regardless of the industry

Established mainstream companies will be diligent about keeping their brands and trademarks from being mimicked by a cannabis company. A great example is when Hershey’s sued a dispensary for trademark infringement after the dispensary began carrying edibles called “Reefer’s Cups.” Companies such as Hershey’s have an abundance of capital to go after smaller companies for infringement and copyright.

General Guideline for Marketing Cannabis. Please see Cannabis Act for more information.

Do have a clear message on what your company stands for 

How can your company help mitigate the stigmas that years of prohibition and propaganda have placed

on the plant and its use? Maintain fair labor practices and avoiding sexist and derogatory messaging will go along way in building a successful brand identity as your effort will attract a broader and more diverse audience.

Mainstream Marketing

Traditional marketing outlets include media like newspapers, magazines, radio, and TV. These mediums are tricky to utilize due to the strict constrains of the Cannabis Act, and these traditional channels will be very limiting. However, that does not mean that these avenues should be discounted all together. Although these avenues often carry high costs, and measuring results is nearly impossible, you might be able to get creative and identify an opportunity that’s appropriate for your business. By finding alternative, non-mainstream publications such as a cannabis focused magazine will allow you to get your message out there. Television ads are a little too progressive for most corporate networks and service providers to be open to partnerships with cannabis companies at this juncture, but with the right approach some companies have begun to successfully advertise in movie theatres. For example, since 2017, Tweed Inc has been running commercials about their company in Cineplex VIP 19+ movie theatre rooms.

Digital Marketing

Digital marketing encompasses all web-based or electronic communication such as websites, blogs, search engine optimization, advertising and email marketing. Digital marketing is becoming increasingly appealing for several reasons. Because more people are going online for their news, social media etc., making digital marketing a forefront to your marketing campaign is a no brainer. You can better measure the success of your digital strategies using key performance metrics like impressions clicks and conversion rates. You can learn a great deal about your marketing campaign and whether or not your messaging needs to be tweaked. Make a list of cannabis- specific websites and online communities and either list your business there or investigate advertising opportunities. Furthermore, as the old age saying goes, content is king, and that’s especially true for the cannabis industry. As more people become curious about cannabis in the wake of Cannabis 2.0, you can take the opportunity to create blog posts, infographic, videos, and other compelling media for your website or in partnership with a larger industry publication. Lastly, building a list of your customer emails and data base is crucial to successful communication because it will help you build a targeted list that will give you the ability for direct communication.

Social Media

Social media is included in digital marketing, but it’s a powerful medium that deserves its own set of considerations. Many social media platforms prohibit paid cannabis advertising and thus your business may need to get creative and persistent with organic tactics. For instance, think of your Facebook page as a mini version of your website. Post news updates, articles, deals and specials, questions to your followers and play around with different messaging to see what works with your audience. Instagram is quite popular among the cannabis community, and having an account is key to your marketing initiatives. Share beautiful pictures of your products, your business, and any other imagery that both reflects your brand and will resonate with the community. LinkedIn is great for posting business updates, job openings, and finding business communities in your niche that you can potentially partner or negotiate deals with.

Other

Marketing at events give you the opportunity to connect face to face with your customers, vendors, collect opportunity leads, and build relationships. Look for communities of cannabis enthusiasts and other like-minded interest groups. Take advantage of face to face time with your audience by handing out merchandise and apparel. This can help your customers keep your brand as a part of their everyday lifestyle.

Effective marketing and advertising are imperative to the success and growth of any business, especially in the Cannabis industry. With the launch of Cannabis 2.0 still in its infancy stage, many marijuana start-ups and established companies, no mater which marketing area they choose to focus on, it is important to keep Health Canada marketing restrictions at the forefront of your campaign and adhere to all the regulations.

 

 

The Next Cannabis Craze – Infused Topicals

As 2019 has come to an end, it will undoubtedly go down as one of the strongest years in a long time for the broader market and likely the worst year for marijuana stocks.  What started out as a profitable investment in the first quarter turned into a major buzzkill for the remaining nine months.  Since the end of the first quarter, most cannabis stocks have lost a significant chunk of their market cap as questions rose concerning the growth trajectory of the global cannabis industry fell short of expectations.  This has left the industry struggling to answer one simple question: What does 2020 hold in store for cannabis stocks.

Topicals are lotions, balms, salves, creams and oils that are infused with cannabis and absorbed through the skin to provide countertraded relief for pain, inflammation and soreness. Although they have cannabinoid elements, topicals are non-psychoactive and are generally used by patients who want therapeutic relief without a “high.” Infused topicals can be used for a variety of ailments such as burns, inflammation, skin infections and overall skin conditioning, chronic pain, and treating some side effects of cancer treatments.

Several cannabis derivative products are poised to breathe life into an already staggered industry such as infused beverages, vapes and concentrates with the biggest mover being topicals.  Derivates offer significantly higher margin products than traditional dried cannabis, making this past Decembers launch particularly important for the financial well being of marijuana stocks. What’s more, derivatives are particularly popular with younger adults and first-time users, thereby providing a bridge for the pot industry to a new generation of cannabis consumers.

Cannabis derivative products such as topicals work effectively at creating a bigger overall marker for the former Schedule 1 drug, for example, for users who may not feel comfortable inhaling a rolled cigarette or vape pen. They offer significant advantages for producers as well, namely the prospect of higher margins and expanded profitpotential. Cannabis infused topicals involve a significantly greater deal of processing before they’re ready for market. That means they’re more expensive and complex to manufacture, but it also allows space for producers to differentiate themselves, allowing them not only to charge a higher margin for their products but to differentiate themselves from a branding perspective as well.

For processing companies in the cannabis industry who own their own IP, such as XTRX Solutions, for topical formulations are poised to become winners in the race to market.  Having a handful of topicals developed ahead of time and have them ready to be personalized for the client, with scents, texture, CBD and THC to name a few options, will come out ahead.   Licensed producers will be able to cut wait times while formulating their own formulations, avoid finding a manufacturer, cut down on lead time, and not to mention avoid any importing fees associated with purchasing a ready-made base from outside Canada. This will enable a company to develop and produce an infused topical much faster and have their product readily available on the shelves than most of their competitors.

With the state of the cannabis landscape as it is today,  more and more Licensed Producers are bound to pivot from the stagnant dried flower and pre-roll revenue streams and move to a  more lucrative means of selling their products through vapes and tinctures with the majority of the profit margins coming from topicals. Topicals are poised to be the leading derivative product this year as profit margins are high and they appeal to wider audience at the end of the day. Companies that have established partnerships with processors who have cut the lead time by having their own IP on several products are bound to hit their growth trajectory in 2020.

Black Market Still Thriving

 

It’s become very apparent that, the black market, rather than dwindling and disappearing like many experts predicted, is still going strong and thriving. The fact that illegal sales have continued and thrived could potentially dissuade lawmakers in other countries from adopting similar legislations. All of this begs the questions “what’s really going on?” Is the legalization argument flawed or are there other factors at play that we have been ignoring? One could argue that excessive regulations, quality problems, pricing and a lack of supply in the legal markets that are keeping the black market alive.

The eradication of the black market was one of the Canadian government’s main goals, it’s ironic that one of the factors feeding it is the regulatory framework which has been put it place.  Not only are the government restrictions on licensed producers extremely strict, but so are many of the provincial application processes for cannabis retailers and processors. Many of the laws that have been put forth surrounding the distribution, sale and advertising of cannabis are incredibly strict, and in many cases downright bizarre. If you walk into one of the Toronto dispensaries, you will get a sense of how heavy-handed everything is.  The windows are blacked out, the labels and logos on the packages have been stripped to the bare essentials, and the product is hidden away behind thick glass. All of this is the result of the federal government’s aim to legalize cannabis without normalizing its use.

One of the largest hurdles facing the legal market that hasn’t been well addressed are issues surrounding quality.  While it’s definitely a more difficult variable to quantify, a number of surveys and reviews have shown that many consumers are dissatisfied with the quality on offer.  Many of the quality control issues ultimately tie into supply.  Canada already had some of the highest rates of consumption in the world, and that number has only increased since legalization. Put simply, the supply of cannabis is still being outstripped by the incredible demand.  Most of the licensed producers are struggling to simply get enough product out the door, meaning that a lot of inferior pot is being shipped out in the process. To offset the issue, it’s the experienced users who routinely hit up their black market dealer during prohibition that are the least likely to tolerate these problems.

Another major culprit behind the persistence of the black market is a simple case of basic economics. While many are attracted to the idea of purchasing cannabis from a regulated source, at the end of the day there will always be those who simply aren’t going to buy legal when unregulated product is cheaper. For example, the average price in April 2019 for a gram of cannabis sold legally in Canada was $9.99 verses $6.40 for a gram of black market cannabis.  To make matters worse according to statistics Canada the gap between legal and illegal cannabis is $4.72 per gram on average.

One of the biggest issues and probably the simplest explanations is that there’s not enough of the legal stuff to go around. While the issue has improved in many regions in the past year, cannabis shortages have plagued provinces throughout the country, particularly in the early days of legalization.  Many retailers found themselves unable to stock product for days at a time. Health Canada is showing high levels of inventory, but critics have rightly pointed out that a significant amount of that product is unfinished and not ready to sell.

Despite all of these problems it’s important to put things in perspective.  First and foremost, one fact that has been pointed out constantly is that legalization is still in its early days. The hope is that as the Canadian government and the cannabis industry continue to evolve, we’ll start to see these problems work themselves out. Despite what many anti-cannabis proponents are claiming, the situation is not actually that bad. A number of reports have indicated that the black market sales are indeed declining. One study by Statistics Canada found that illegal sales decreased by 13% over the last year. So while it may not be happening as quickly as the government hoped, it is clear that things are trending in the right direction.

Benefits of outsourcing

Let’s talk about the elephant in the room. Outsourcing. It’s the latest buzzword these days, as more and more cost and quality conscious businesses all over the world are turning to specialized companies for outsourcing their non-core business processes. So, what exactly are the benefits of having a partner do your work for you? Specifically, in the cannabis industry. Canada is preparing for a slew of new cannabis delivery methods to hit the shelves in December with the launch of Cannabis 2.0 and for those Licensed Producers who have already partnered up with processing companies, well, lets just say, shareholders will be ecstatic in the next few quarters. Having the ability to transition into new products and services quickly and efficiently will have a small number of LPs first off the starting line. I mean, don’t get me wrong, for those Licensed Producers that have processing abilities in-house are sure to get a significant share of the market. However, that comes at a significant infrastructure and technology cost, efficiency issues, and loss of focus in key competency areas.

For those looking to expand their product lines, working with a dedicated production facility that has the infrastructure and technology to help facilitate product expansion projects for their customers should be a no brainer. Licensed Producers save in many areas. First, expansion costs. The cost associated with expanding or even building a new facility to house the processing branch are astronomical. Then add in the cost of the equipment, finding and training personnel, and let’s be honest here, the countless months spent dealing with consultants and waiting for Health Canada to approve your Standard Processing Application. It’s much more lucrative to invest in core competencies, develop products to continuously bring to market and outsource the rest to a processing partner.

Outsourcing the processing needs to a partner brings years of experience in research and development, manufacturing, packaging, business practices and expertise in delivering complex outsourcing solutions to Licensed Producers. Thus, they can do the job better with their knowledge and understanding of the domain. This leads to an increase in productivity and efficiency in the process thereby contributing to the bottom-line of their clients. Working in conjunction with lab staff these outsourcing partners can help their clients benefit from ongoing research that is being conducted to enhance the product development and flow structure that is in place. They also have the ability to work on proprietary investigation and methods to reduce time to market. Strides in the area of innovation and improved production capacity are additional advantages to working with an outsource partner.

Lastly, outsourcing to a processing partner provides Licensed Producers with much more energy to enable them to focus on building their brand, invest in research and development and focus on providing higher value-added options to their customers. With any competitive market, the ability to focus on product developments, sales and marketing and customer experience is a fundamental business advantage that companies strive to achieve. Furthermore, a lack of resources available to devote to production could affect an organization’s ability to meet fulfillment obligations. An outsourcing partner can supplement existing in-house manufacturing efforts and make it easier to meet those new demands.

It’s generally true that it’s cheaper to rent a processing plant and its employees than to maintain them yourself. With labour often being among a company’s largest costs, outsourcing processing work to a third party leads to a significant decrease in production expenses. One of the greatest advantages of outsourcing is to utilize assets already in place without having to make an investment in fixed costs and maintaining them. Whatever the case may be for Licensed Producers trying to launch new Cannabis 2.0 products, for those who stay lean, focus on their core business and outsource processing needs to a third party will likely be a lucrative decision for their shareholders.

All eyes are on the upcoming launch of Cannabis 2.0 in Canada

Cannabis is poised to be one of the fastest growing industries on the planet over the next decade.  Worldwide sales have more than tripled to $11 billion over the last four years alone, and they could grow by as much as 18 times that over the next decade.  Over the next couple of weeks, all eyes are on Cannabis Legalization 2.0 in Canada.  The great white north officially launched adult-use cannabis sales on October 17, 2018, making it the first industrialized country in the world to legalize and monetize recreational cannabis. Now a year later, a new line of cannabis products are getting ready to launch. This new line of Cannabis 2.0 products are nondried-flower products, such as edibles, vapes, infused beverages, concentrates and topicals.

These new pot products will not begin appearing in licenced cannabis stores until the earliest being mid-December.  The excitement surrounding Cannabis 2.0 revolves around the fact that they’re a significantly higher margin product than traditional dried cannabis flower.  For example, by comparison, U.S. Cannabis 2.0 products have not faced oversupply concerns or subsequent pricing pressures.  Furthermore, Cannabis 2.0 products tend to speak to a younger generation of cannabis users, who are, ultimately, the future of the global cannabis industry.

The Canadian cannabis industry is poised for perfect growth. However, Cannabis 2.0 is not without growing concern of the likelihood that history could repeat itself on the supply front.  Ultimately, leading to the same nuisances that growers have been dealing with since the initial launch of recreational cannabis use last year. There have been persistent supply issues with dried cannabis since the initial launch in 2018.  The 3 main issues were first Health Canada being overwhelmed with cultivation, processing, and sales license applications, leading to wait times lasting up to if not more than a year. Second, LP’s have had to contend with compliant packaging solution shortages. Third, with the slow licensing application process, most growers are still scrambling to complete their projects.  Cannabis 2.0 is very likely to face the same trials.

With new regulations now in place to help with backlog of applications, Health Canada hopes that the supply issue will be tackled. The main issue is that none of these solutions are viable options to tackle the supply levels needed with alternative consumption options.  It will still take quiet a bit of time for Health Canada to work through its growing pains.  In the end, Cannabis 2.0 should be a major margin driver for the cannabis industry. But the upcoming launch could wind up disappointing a lot of investors due to supply issues. Only time will tell, but those who are at the forefront of the industry have much to gain. ​

Global Giants Flocking to get a Piece of the Cannabis Industry

Cannabis is poised to be one of the fastest growing industries on the planet over the next decade.  Worldwide sales have more than tripled to $11 billion over the last four years alone, and they could grow by as much as 18 times that over the next decade.  The launch of Cannabis 2.0 on October 27, 2019 will allow a new line of products to be sold to consumers that are nondried-flower products, such as edibles, vapes, infused beverages, concentrates and topicals.  This new launch has sent big brand-named companies flocking to invest in Cannabis projects to get some skin in the game.

The upcoming launch of Cannabis 2.0 has sent several brand-named companies into sinking their teeth into the Cannabis Industry.  Liquor giant Constellation Branks sunk $4 billion into Canopy Growth in November, giving it a 37% stake in the company, while tobacco giant Altria sent $1.8 billion to Cronos Group for 45% stake in the company. Global giant Teva Pharmaceuticals announced its entrance into the growing cannabis industry.    Known as the biggest generic drug manufacturer in the world, topping the industry in almost all aspects including market cap and revenue. Teva has partnered up with Israeli firm Canndoc to supply products to consumers in hospitals, health maintenance organizations and all Israel pharmacies.  This collaboration is considered the biggest deal between pharma and medical cannabis companies thus far. The pharmaceutical sector is treading with caution when it comes to entering the cannabis market thus it may be quiet a while before we see a deal of this magnitude.  Aside from Teva, Contelation Brands, Cronos, and Canndoc, and a number of other companies have put some skin in the game in some capacity including Novartis, Johnson & Johnson, Sanofi, Merck, Abbvie, and Pfizer. The continuous growth and demand for cannabis guarantee that more pharmaceutical companies will likely join the growing trend.